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Beijing Platform for Action. Paragraph 148(a)


Author(s): Scott Douglas Jacobsen

Publication (Outlet/Website): The Good Men Project

Publication Date (yyyy/mm/dd): 2019/07/19

Strategic objective E.5.

Provide protection, assistance and training to refugee women, other displaced women in need of international protection and internally displaced women

Actions to be taken

148. By Governments:

a. Disseminate and implement the UNHCR Guidelines on the Protection of Refugee Women and the UNHCR Guidelines on Evaluation and Care of Victims of Trauma and Violence, or provide similar guidance, in close cooperation with refugee women and in all sectors of refugee programmes;

Beijing Declaration (1995)

Paragraph 148 (a) of the Beijing Declaration focuses on the guidelines for those who are suffering from various forms of trauma. Its scope is unusually focused on one domain of discourse: “Governments.” Not intergovernmental organizations, nongovernmental organizations, civil society organizations, or some regional collective, the focus is the work of individual governments vis-a-vis the rights of women who are refugees or displaced persons.

The relevant documents of the UNHCR Guidelines on the protection of Refugee Women and the UNHCR Guidelines on Evaluation and Care of Victims of Trauma and Violence for the care, concern, and treatment of individuals who may be suffering under duress in refugee status. The documents emphasize areas in which the governments with refugees in their midst, whether internal refugees or individuals who have fallen under the plight of invasion and had to flee, or had to escape some natural disaster.

Now, the idea is passive forms of education via the ‘dissemination and implementation’ of the two documents devoted to the rights of women. Rather than general statements as to the rights of women, these particular documents deal with the more precise set of stipulations, the how-tos, and what-to-dos in the cases of refugee women.

Many of the contexts for these women are some of the most precarious that women can experience. Indeed, when we look at the forms of rhetoric about immigrants – let alone refugees – in the current global sociocultural environment, we come to a serious issue. That is, even if we have the well-established documents deliberated by the international community to deal with the issues of vulnerable members of the global community, what if the rhetoric bypasses, based on ignorance or cynicism, the rights won and established in the international documents above and here?

We’re watching this happen in real-time.

(Updated 2020-07-07, only use the updated listing, please) Not all nations, organizations, societies, or individuals accept the proposals of the United Nations; one can find similar statements in other documents, conventions, declarations and so on, with the subsequent statements of equality or women’s rights, and the important days and campaigns devoted to the rights of women and girls too:


Strategic Aims

Celebratory Days

Guidelines and Campaigns

Women and Men Women’s Rights Campaigners


In-Sight Publishing by Scott Douglas Jacobsen is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License. Based on a work at


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