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Paragraph 116 of the Beijing Platform for Action. Chapter IV. D. Violence Against Women


Author(s): Scott Douglas Jacobsen

Publication (Outlet/Website): The Good Men Project

Publication Date (yyyy/mm/dd): 2018/12/16

116. Some groups of women, such as women belonging to minority groups, indigenous women, refugee women, women migrants, including women migrant workers, women in poverty living in rural or remote communities, destitute women, women in institutions or in detention, female children, women with disabilities, elderly women, displaced women, repatriated women, women living in poverty and women in situations of armed conflict, foreign occupation, wars of aggression, civil wars, terrorism, including hostage-taking, are also particularly vulnerable to violence.

Beijing Declaration (1995)

The central focus of the Beijing Declaration remains the rights and well-being of women. Women tend to be the disproportionately negatively impacted around the world and, thus, become the foci of so much international efforts and movements.

The violence against women simply extends this concern and emphasis on them as well. Here, we see the catalogue of the major sectors of women in most contexts in which I could imagine off the top, and, in fact, even more.

The situation for the women in most environments of the women pertain to violence inflicted on them or a friend, as the international data coming from the best sources – for example, the United Nations – postulates about 1/3 women being subject to physical or sexual violence by an intimate partner in their lifetime.

Typically, though there may be some derivations from report to report, the definition of an intimate partner in these contexts is someone who is the husband or male sexual partner of the women. In other words, there is little in the way of wiggle-room for this particular definition.

Furthermore, the notion of partnership, including pair-bonded heterosexual marriage implied by the term husband, does not, in contradistinction to the arguments from several North American conservative commentators provide some magical barrier from abuse; in fact, it may be contributive or facilitative, as the men tend to harbour more of the financial and other forms of power and influence, which then become wielded over the individual women within these situations.

However, and even further, the notion may extend to other forms of couplings as well, where this can simply reject the notion of traditional courted mates and progressive derivations of such as a protection against abuse but, rather, the sufficient levels of control and power dynamics influence this more.

In that, a, not the, feminist lens can help in understanding some of the dynamics here. The interactions of the minority status of women around the world living in a variety of contexts provide a lens into the disproportionately negative lives and experiences of women compared to the men.

Indeed, if we take the basic premise of the plight of women as simply worse, and if we look at the facts, so a biased framing, or, indeed, if we take the opposite with a full-breadth examination of the global trends and then formulate an opinion, it seems relatively obvious of the trends one would find around the world, where women disproportionately negatively bear the brunt of the violence in the world – especially with civilians and not combatants.

There has been an increase in the number of civilians murders by armed forces around the world, which implies the continued increased vulnerability of civilian casualties in war being women (and, in fact, children too). What we do from here is up to us, but the message seems relatively clear, the notion of women as not subject to more violence throughout history and right into the present harbors false ideas and, potentially, those conveniently propped up for convenience of the powerful.

–(Updated 2018-11-10) One can find similar statements in other documents, conventions, declarations and so on, with the subsequent statements of equality or women’s rights:

–Human Rights
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Led by: Scott Douglas JacobsenTo the socio-political Right, a disclaimer; to the socio-political Left, a trigger warning: the subject matter may be disturbing or triggering for some listeners, speakers, or call members. The statistics on international violence against women is disproportionately more than violence against men. In turn, there is violence against women committed by women against women but more often by men against women. It is the statistical difference, which is the basis for the international emphasis on violence against women in multiple spheres rather than localized differences. Wednesday morning, we will speak on violence against women for one hour or so.


In-Sight Publishing by Scott Douglas Jacobsen is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License. Based on a work at


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