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Paragraph 145(g) – Beijing Platform for Action. Chapter IV


Author(s): Scott Douglas Jacobsen

Publication (Outlet/Website): The Good Men Project

Publication Date (yyyy/mm/dd): 2019/11/19

Strategic objective E.2.

Reduce excessive military expenditures and control the availability of armaments

Actions to be taken

145. By Governments and international and regional organizations:

g. Take into account gender-sensitive concerns in developing training programmes for all relevant personnel on international humanitarian law and human rights awareness and recommend such training for those involved in United Nations peace-keeping and humanitarian aid, with a view to preventing violence against women, in particular;

Beijing Declaration (1995)

This particular paragraph deals in short manner with the issues of a gendered perspective on the nature of the problem. The problem of war and its costs on civilian populations who happen to be, more or less, women with the perpetrators of the violence found in the soldiers, who happen to be mostly men. Few armies near gender equality.

In the U.S., women amount to less than a quarter of the Armed Forces. Women comprise only about 15% of the active personnel in the Canadian army. Less developed nations or less rich nations with fewer resources and poorer infrastructure, and worse off liberal cultural institutions, will simply lack these similar numbers. Indeed, the draft in many countries will be for men only.

It is a form of anti-egalitarianism. In the areas of concern stipulated here, the personnel involved in international law and human rights awareness deserve recognition for a number of reasons. The base one is of equal respect for the rights of men and women. Another is the prevention of the severity of violence against women through the reduction in military expenditures.

An increase in awareness about their rights as human beings permits women the ability to say, “No,” to violations of them. A war-time context is one such arena in which this could be the case. Other cases include the ways in which the efforts to maintain and respect peace derive back to the Charter of the United Nations in Article I about the construction for international peace and security.

While also bearing in mind, the core problems faced by women in these contexts come in the form of civilian casualties. As the majority of the armies are men, of poor and minority men – which is a problem itself, and the majority of the civilian casualties are women (and children), it becomes the enduring reality of battle and combat.

The resources for peace-keeping and humanitarian aid can provide a context of greater liveability too. The idea of preventing violence against women requires a consideration of the ways in which women’s rights are violated in the first place. One of those happens to be via the acts of war and the disproportionate impacts of women and children as civilians in the context of war.

Peace-keeping efforts and humanitarian aid to women in the environments around war can be an amelioration created by a military expenditure environment in which near $2 trillion is spent per annum. The central core, as always, and emphasized in the final paragraph, enters into the Beijing Declaration in its entirety with violence against women.

(Updated 2019-08-21, only use the updated listing, please) Not all nations, organizations, societies, or individuals accept the proposals of the United Nations; one can find similar statements in other documents, conventions, declarations and so on, with the subsequent statements of equality or women’s rights, and the important days and campaigns devoted to the rights of women and girls too:


In-Sight Publishing by Scott Douglas Jacobsen is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License. Based on a work at


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