Skip to content

Paragraph 164 of the Beijing Platform for Action


Author(s): Scott Douglas Jacobsen

Publication (Outlet/Website): The Good Men Project

Publication Date (yyyy/mm/dd): 2019/10/06

164. In addressing the economic potential and independence of women, Governments and other actors should promote an active and visible policy of mainstreaming a gender perspective in all policies and programmes so that before decisions are taken, an analysis is made of the effects on women and men, respectively.

Beijing Declaration (1995)

Paragraph 164 of the Beijing Declaration is more concern about potential and independence than anything else. Its emphases focus on the ways in which national actors can move this forward. T the policy level, this is something within a realm of feasibility because people can vote.

Or, even if an autocratic or theocratic state under immense public pressure, they can make policy to avoid too much from a troublesome inheritance – their public. “Governments and other actors” can be an integral junction.

They represent the people. They harbour power endowed by popular vote if done in a majoritarian system, as in democracy. The hinge phrase in this paragraph is “gender perspective” because gender is the core contextualization for this.

In that, the “policies and programmes” endorsed would include some aspect of this “gendered perspective.”  Along the lines of paragraph 163, more of an emphasis on general items of independence and economic potential rather than particular economic considerations.

It’s stopping, examining policies and programmes, and making decisions based on analysis of the areas in which women’s and men’s economic potentials are unfulfilled, where women’s independence hasn’t been reached, and then working to eliminate the barriers.

Some of the economic potential may be looking at the levels of education between men and women. Others will incorporate a consideration of the job opportunities for men and women. Still others, they will pursue a course of analysis looking at quality and stability of jobs.

In the international era, it’s a precarious market in jobs for most people. It’s unfair, inequitably distributed, and a fact of life now. There’s not much to stipulate outside of these because this paragraph sets a general policy vision grounded in governments and a gendered perspective as the emphasis.

Its refreshing statements deal with the “the effects on women and men,” particularly as relates to economic potential, while mainly focusing on the core issues of “independence of women” here too.

(Updated 2020-09-27, only use the updated listing, please) Not all nations, organizations, societies, or individuals accept the proposals of the United Nations; one can find similar statements in other documents, conventions, declarations and so on, with the subsequent statements of equality or women’s rights, and the important days and campaigns devoted to the rights of women and girls too:


Strategic Aims

Celebratory Days

Guidelines and Campaigns

Women and Men Women’s Rights Campaigners


In-Sight Publishing by Scott Douglas Jacobsen is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License. Based on a work at


© Scott Douglas Jacobsen and In-Sight Publishing 2012-Present. Unauthorized use and/or duplication of this material without express and written permission from this site’s author and/or owner is strictly prohibited. Excerpts and links may be used, provided that full and clear credit is given to Scott Douglas Jacobsen and In-Sight Publishing with appropriate and specific direction to the original content. All interviewees and authors co-copyright their material and may disseminate for their independent purposes.

Leave a Comment

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: