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Paragraph 163 – Beijing Platform for Action


Author(s): Scott Douglas Jacobsen

Publication (Outlet/Website): The Good Men Project

Publication Date (yyyy/mm/dd): 2019/10/05

163. Taking into account the fact that continuing inequalities and noticeable progress coexist, rethinking employment policies is necessary in order to integrate the gender perspective and to draw attention to a wider range of opportunities as well as to address any negative gender implications of current patterns of work and employment. To realize fully equality between women and men in their contribution to the economy, active efforts are required for equal recognition and appreciation of the influence that the work, experience, knowledge and values of both women and men have in society.

Beijing Declaration (1995)

Paragraph 163 of the Beijing Declaration examines some of the ongoing inequalities of the time. There’s a great deal in the world now. There was a lot at that time. Inequality isn’t in, and of, itself a bad thing. However, egregious levels can be disheartening.

They create unnecessary suffering and leave individuals without recourse for consideration of a better life. In the context of the Beijing Declaration, this means for women. The Beijing Declaration was probably an unprecedented document of the time.

In that, it functioned on generic operational terms and sat on apparent paradoxes with ease. It stipulates both the inequalities and the apparent progress. Here, we see the importance of the document. It is a similar phenomenon as talking about 1/3 women suffering abuse, while also emphasizing ¼ men do too.

It’s about human suffering. With the emphases here, it’s about the rounded image of the issues facing these demographics of the world. How does a gendered perspective improve understanding? What is the important of bringing attention to these issues?

The focus on “employment policies” is not an accident. The core of inequality for many women is the fact of economic inequality. Without an appropriate provision of decent jobs and stable incomes, many women will languish in poverty.

Sometimes, this can happen for the entirety of their lives. A gendered perspective of employment gives some indices to mark progress or not, inequality or not, in different domains. Many of the access points for lessened inequality will emerge from “a wider range of opportunities.”

In that, if you don’t provide opportunities in particular access points of the culture, where will equality happen there? What is the point of change, the area of opportunities? You wouldn’t have them. Thusly, any policy change will need to incorporate a gendered perspective to make the progress stipulated a reality.

In many Member States, this is happening. In many others, it is not. Every population, if democratic, makes their choices. Either in line with international rules-based order, or not, many have begun to increasingly choose, “Not.” That’s their prerogative.

With this wider range of opportunities, the “implications of current patterns of work and employment” include a number of issues, some of those cross-sect, inter-sect, with the issues og gender, by their nature, due to the historical contingencies, the issues of stifled possibilities in work and truncated opportunities regarding advancement.

“…Full equality between women and men in their contribution to the economy” has been more realized now on one side of the ledger, on women’s, believe it or not. The men in many advanced industrial economies are languishing, in the younger generations, due to lack of life goals, fewer completed degrees, lesser effort, more cultural issues rather than institutional, while women have more life goals, more degrees (better grades too), and institutional and cultural issues.

Economies have begun to focus on men some more in 2020 compared to 1995 because the increasing number of women entering into the workforce was making up for the lost labour force participation of men.

However, now, it’s is quite startling to note. In many countries, in fact, the image of the educated person, certainly, is the educated woman. The image of the working person is the working woman. In that, the full equality articulated will require dual-based and individuated solutions-making now.

Plans not predicted, probably, by many in these movements making some of these arguments. Don’t like it? Tough, we need more male teachers and more male nurses; we need more women in STEM and computer science. Does it jar you? Also, tough, these are the parts of the curve of “noticeable progress,” the era, requiring pluralistic multi-path networked problem-solving methodologies.

We’re at a confluence. It will only get harder, more complicated, because the issues became plural rather than singular without the ability to ignore them this time. The full realization of the equality of men and women in the economy will require a gendered perspective.

It will have to be a drop in the sarcasm and disdain sub-culture on these issues and making substantive efforts at change to “recognition and appreciation.” Don’t have those, you don’t have the change. People are people. Non-financial motivations must be taken into account.

The full participation of our labour forces will require a closer look at real work, actual experience, true knowledge, and substantial values for men and women in societies for progress, the desired progress on top of the “noticeable progress” for an elimination of gross “continuing inequalities.”

(Updated 2020-09-27, only use the updated listing, please) Not all nations, organizations, societies, or individuals accept the proposals of the United Nations; one can find similar statements in other documents, conventions, declarations and so on, with the subsequent statements of equality or women’s rights, and the important days and campaigns devoted to the rights of women and girls too:


Strategic Aims

Celebratory Days

Guidelines and Campaigns

Women and Men Women’s Rights Campaigners


In-Sight Publishing by Scott Douglas Jacobsen is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License. Based on a work at


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