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Paragraph 165(g) of the Beijing Declaration


Author(s): Scott Douglas Jacobsen

Publication (Outlet/Website): The Good Men Project

Publication Date (yyyy/mm/dd): 2021/09/11

Strategic objective F.1.

Promote women’s economic rights and independence, including access to employment, appropriate working conditions and control over economic resources

Actions to be taken

165. By Governments:

g. Seek to develop a more comprehensive knowledge of work and employment through, inter alia, efforts to measure and better understand the type, extent and distribution of unremunerated work, particularly work in caring for dependants and unremunerated work done for family farms or businesses, and encourage the sharing and dissemination of information on studies and experience in this field, including the development of methods for assessing its value in quantitative terms, for possible reflection in accounts that may be produced separately from, but consistent with, core national accounts;

Beijing Declaration (1995)

Paragraph 165(g) of the Beijing Declaration is an interesting one for the focus on knowledge of work and employment. These are the core ways in which women can become self-empowered for a life. It’s not merely a matter of making inroads in the work force. It is about the systematic alteration of norms and processes to enable to become commonplace. That’s not an easy task; it’s monumental.

Similarly, it’s impacts will be enormous, too. When it speaks of “inter alia,” it means “among other things.” It is a manner of speaking about the foci of the subject and then the periphery too. The purpose of this paragraph is to look at the types of work women may engage in without proper pay.

Lots of women, and some men, engage in unpaid or unremunerated work around the world. Think of childcare, homecare, care for the elderly, and the like, these can be considered work, as it is labour. This labour is, by and large, unpaid and subsidized by the cultural inputs of women.

The idea is to quantize and gather proper information about these gaps in proper pay or equity in sharing the unremunerated work to make nations consistent and accountable about the unremunerated work of women compared to men in many context, again around the world.

(Updated 2020-09-27, only use the updated listing, please) Not all nations, organizations, societies, or individuals accept the proposals of the United Nations; one can find similar statements in other documents, conventions, declarations and so on, with the subsequent statements of equality or women’s rights, and the important days and campaigns devoted to the rights of women and girls too:


Strategic Aims

Celebratory Days

Guidelines and Campaigns

Women and Men Women’s Rights Campaigners


In-Sight Publishing by Scott Douglas Jacobsen is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License. Based on a work at


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