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Beijing Platform for Action. Paragraph 157


Author(s): Scott Douglas Jacobsen

Publication (Outlet/Website): The Good Men Project

Publication Date (yyyy/mm/dd): 2019/09/29

157. Although some new employment opportunities have been created for women as a result of the globalization of the economy, there are also trends that have exacerbated inequalities between women and men. At the same time, globalization, including economic integration, can create pressures on the employment situation of women to adjust to new circumstances and to find new sources of employment as patterns of trade change. More analysis needs to be done of the impact of globalization on women’s economic status.

Beijing Declaration (1995)

Paragraph 157: With an emergent and new environment for the working world of women in 1995, there was a general sense of “new employment opportunities” in regards to the work opportunities available for women. We’re seeing not only seeing the opportunities emerge into full flourish for women here now, but also witnessing the outgrowth of this within the subsequent generation.

Women dominate both much of particular aspects of the working world and most of the postsecondary contexts too, whether undergraduate schooling or graduate level schooling. Women are the singular force in the world of work and education seen in prior generations with the men. This is, in part, due to the greater educational attainments of women as well as the “globalization of the economy” belying a particular proaction to the barriers placed in front of their mothers. Something to be overcome in the following group of young women, today’s women.

These trends, as well, “exacerbated inequalities” between men and women in some regards, particularly in the world of partial and precarious work, i.e., part-time, poor working conditions, and labour rights lacking, work. All of these efforts for women tied to globalization also imply a simultaneous creation of inequalities for women with men due to having to compete around the world; where women have to compete with other women who do not have labour rights, this in turn creates the immediate capacity for exploitation of the ordinary worker all over the world, which is a process still ongoing now.

The economic integration creates both stronger international systems in some contexts as well as more fragile systems in different ways. All depending on the analysis, similar to how some of these benefits accrue to women in positive ways, in addition to negative ways; it’s the nature of these globalization efforts. These “pressures” and “employment situation[s]” are simply a euphemistic way of referencing some of the aforementioned.

In terms of the further analysis, we’re seeing this now. Women won in a number of regards, while losing insofar as there have been efforts to truncate these progressive efforts at the advancement of women: socially, legally, politically, religiously, and the like.

(Updated 2020-07-07, only use the updated listing, please) Not all nations, organizations, societies, or individuals accept the proposals of the United Nations; one can find similar statements in other documents, conventions, declarations and so on, with the subsequent statements of equality or women’s rights, and the important days and campaigns devoted to the rights of women and girls too:


Strategic Aims

Celebratory Days

Guidelines and Campaigns

Women and Men Women’s Rights Campaigners


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