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Beijing Platform for Action. Chapter IV Paragraph 147(i)


Author(s): Scott Douglas Jacobsen

Publication (Outlet/Website): The Good Men Project

Publication Date (yyyy/mm/dd): 2019/03/14

Strategic objective E.5.

Provide protection, assistance and training to refugee women, other displaced women in need of international protection and internally displaced women

Actions to be taken

147. By Governments, intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations and other institutions involved in providing protection, assistance and training to refugee women, other displaced women in need of international protection and internally displaced women, including the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees and the World Food Programme, as appropriate:

i. Support and promote efforts by States towards the development of criteria and guidelines on responses to persecution specifically aimed at women, by sharing information on States’ initiatives to develop such criteria and guidelines and by monitoring to ensure their fair and consistent application;

Beijing Declaration (1995)

When we can see the levels of emphasis on general frameworks for understanding the contexts for women while also keeping in mind the forms of the limits in the presentations in the documents, some of the more interesting and useful presentations are the scales of the consideration for some of the most vulnerable members of the society.

For example, when we take a sincere look at the women who have been negatively impacted by wars, they are mostly civilians; civilians tend to be the most affected by wars, or about half if we take a closer and more detailed look at the studies available to us. Nonetheless, the focus on internally displaced peoples, including internally displaced women; we come to a more comprehensive presentation of individuals affected by war and a central focus of the documents devoted to women’s rights.

As this particular section devotes itself to the global scale of examination, with some national emphasis through governments and non-governmental organizations, the issue should be a larger focus on non-combatants if in an ideal context, but this is too broad and not the focus of this particular series.

As we can see here, the training of refugee women and displaced women, in general, are framed in the discourse of “international protection.” This seems precisely right. In this sense, if in a context of the world with far more precarious circumstance, while having fewer resources and more probability to be a victim in the case of armed conflict, any form of training or knowledge for the protection of oneself and others like oneself can not only become a necessity but an important mark of the improvement in the civilizing effects upon the society.

The kinds of supports emphasized here, as is important but often the case, is the development of “criteria and guidelines on responses to persecution” with a focus on the aforementioned protection. As has been stipulated in prior articles on this form of development of ethical frames to guide the moving forward of the documentation of women’s rights, these can provide metrics to see how this progress over time, to examine the “fair and consistent application” of things.

–(Updated 2020-03-07, only use the updated listing, please) Not all nations, organizations, societies, or individuals accept the proposals of the United Nations; one can find similar statements in other documents, conventions, declarations and so on, with the subsequent statements of equality or women’s rights, and the important days and campaigns devoted to the rights of women and girls too:Documents

Strategic Aims

Celebratory Days

Guidelines and Campaigns

Women and Men Women’s Rights Campaigners


In-Sight Publishing by Scott Douglas Jacobsen is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License. Based on a work at


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